Al-Khader

Al-Khader is located 4.5 kilometer west of Bethlehem, on an altitude of 880 meters above sea level. It is bordered by Bethlehem from the east, Husan and Battir villages from the west and northwest, Al Doha and Beit Jala towns from the north and northeast, and Dheisheh camp and Artas from the south. The town had in 2007 a population of 9,774. 

The village name refers to the holy person Al-Khader (the Green One), a mystical adviser of Musa (Moses) in the Koran, who is considered to be the same person as the Christian St George (who slew the dragon).

According to the results of the PCBS Population, Housing and Establishment Census-

2007, the illiteracy rate among Al Khader population is about 3.8 percent, of whom 82

percent are females. Of the literate population, 13.3 percent can read and write, 27.1

percent had elementary education, 33.5 percent had preparatory education, 17.3 percent

had secondary education, and 8.6 percent completed higher education.

There are some health facilities available in Al Khader town; a health center for the Red

Crescent, which has a laboratory for medical tests, a physician clinic and a dentist clinic.

Al-Khader ‘s agricultural lands are of exceptionally high quality. They are well-cultivated with all kinds of fruit trees, especially grapes. Like other villages around Bethlehem famous for particular fruits or vegetables, Al-Khader used to have an agricultural festival. There are attempts to revive it.

Following the 1967 war, the village lost considerable agricultural land (2791 dunum or 279 hectare) for the establishment of six Israeli settlements, in addition to lands that were confiscated and used for the construction of bypass roads to link Israeli settlements with each other.

The results of the ARIJ field survey for the distribution of labor by economic activity in Al

Khader are the following:

  • Agriculture Sector (35%)
  • Israeli Labor Market (30%)
  • Government or Private Employees Sector (10%)
  • Trade Sector (10%)
  • Industry (10%)
  • Service Sector (5%).

The unemployment rate in Al Khader has reached about 20 percent, and the economical

groups most affected by the Israeli restrictions were:

1. Workers in the agriculture sector.

2. Workers in the service sector.

3. Workers in the trade sector.

It should be noted here that more than 90 percent of the Al Khader population resides in

areas A & B, which constitute only 14.5 percent of the total area of Al Khader village. Area C on the other hand, which fall under Israeli full control, constitutes 85.5 percent of the total area of the village, where the Palestinian population density is low due to the Israeli restrictions in those areas, which limits the Palestinians’ opportunities to build, expand, and develop.

A 4.35 km section of the Segregation Wall will extend on Al Khader lands; thus isolating 5620 dunums of the town’s territory in the western isolation area (68% of the total area of the town). The majority of this land is agricultural land, forests, and open areas, which constitute a source of income for many Palestinian families in the town.

 

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